Wednesday, 23 December 2015

World of Mythology : Part 1

World of Mythology : Part 1
Mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition of a group of people – their collection of stories they tell to explain nature, history, and customs–or the study of such myths.

                       In present use, "mythology" usually refers to the collected myths of a group of people but may also mean the study of such myths. For example, Greek mythology, Roman mythology and Hittite mythology all describe the body of myths retold among those cultures, but landscape mythology describes the study of landscape used across various totemistic peoples. Alan Dundes defined myth as a sacred narrative which explains how the world and humanity evolved into their present form, "a story that serves to define the fundamental worldview of a culture by explaining aspects of the natural world and delineating the psychological and social practices and ideals of a society". Mythology is now often sharply distinguished from didactic literature such as fables, but its relationship with other traditional stories such as legends and folktales is much more nebulous.

Basic :
                  Man has always sought to understand the world around him better and Myths are the imaginative traditions devised in order to explain his surroundings. Early Man would have been completely in awe of the natural and supernatural phenomena around him and probably have sought to make sense of phenomena such as Lightening & Thunder, Rain & Drought, Day & Night, Birth & Death. It was the experience of their mystery, mingled with fear, that gave birth to Mythology and eventually, Religion.

Vedic :

                   Vedic mythology refers to the mythological aspects of the historical Vedic religion and Vedic literature, alluded to in the hymns of the Rigveda. The central myth at the base of Vedic ritual surrounds Indra who, inebriated with Soma, slays the dragon (ahi) Vrtra, freeing the rivers, the cows and Dawn.

Vedic lore contains numerous elements which are common to Indo-European mythological traditions, like the mythologies of Persia, Greece, and Rome, and that of the Celtic, Germanic, Baltic and Slavic peoples. The Vedic god Indra in part corresponds to Dyaus Pitar, the Sky Father, Zeus and Jupiter or Perun. The deity Yama, the lord of the dead, is Yima of Persian mythology. Vedic hymns refer to these and other deities, often 33, consisting of 8 Vasus, 11 Rudras, 12 Adityas, and the late Rigvedic Prajapati. These deities belong to the 3 dimensions of the universe/heavens, the earth, and the intermediate space. Some major deities of the Vedic tradition include Indra, Surya, Agni, Vayu, Varuna, Mitra, Aditi, Yama, Soma, Sarasvati, Prithvi, and Rudra.

Hindu :

Hindu mythology is a large body of traditional narratives related to Hinduism as contained in Sanskrit literature (such as the epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, and the Vedas), Ancient Tamil literature (such as the Sangam literature and Periya Puranam), several other works, most notably the Bhagavata Purana, claiming the status of a Fifth Veda and other religious regional literature of South Asia. As such, it is a subset of mainstream Indian and Nepali culture. Rather than one consistent, monolithic structure, it is a range of diverse traditions, developed by different sects, people and philosophical schools, in different regions and at different times, which are not necessarily held by all Hindus to be literal accounts of historical events, but are taken to have deeper, often symbolic, meaning, and which have been given a complex range of interpretations.

Ayyavazhi :
Ayyavazhi mythology is the mythology of the growing South Indian religious faith and a sect of Hinduism known as Ayyavazhi. The main source of Ayyavazhi mythology is the Ayyavazhi scripture, Akilattirattu Ammanai, and its supplement, Arul Nool. The Akilattirattu Ammanai is a recitation by Mayon (the Tamil name for Vishnu, or Lord Narayana) to his consort Lakshmi. It is divided into three sections: pre-incarnational events, incarnational events and post-incarnational events.


Thursday, 17 December 2015

32 Forms of Lord Ganesha in short

32 Forms of Lord Ganesha in short

Muladhara: The Root Chakra – located at base of the spine. Associated with red. It affects your confidence, trust in life and self-esteem. It is from here that our base instincts arise; the need to survive or the fight or flight reflex. Hindu God –Lord Ganesh and Brahman.

Yes, Ksema and Labha are believed to be his sons according to Shiva Purana and this reference of it is symbolical however not accurate in its own symbolism. It's more to do with the actual belief of Ganesha himself being the obstacle remover and to he was believed to have Ksema and Labha as offspring Ksema means prosperity, Labha means profit. Essential elements to remove most obstacles in a material sense of this existential world.

Also its believed that his consorts / wives were Riddhi and Siddhi who helped procreate Ksema and Labha... Makes sense of course.

**The 1975 Hindi film Jai Santoshi Maa shows Ganesha married to Riddhi and Siddhi and having a daughter named Santoshi Ma, the goddess of satisfaction. This story has no Puranic basis, but Anita Raina Thapan and Lawrence Cohen cite Santoshi Ma's cult as evidence of Ganesha's continuing evolution as a popular deity.

Source of this table Wikipedia: -
English Meaning
atha dvātriṁshadgaṇapatInāṁ dhyānaṁ || mudgalapurāṇe ||
Bāla Gaṇapati

"Childlike Ganapati"
tatra bālagaṇapatidhyānaṁ

karasthakadalīcūta | panasekṣucamodakaṁ | bālasūryanibhaṁ vaṁde ||
devaṁ bālagaṇādhipaṁ || 1 || raktavarṇaḥ
Adorned with a garland of tender flowers, having plantain (banana), mango, jack fruit, sugarcane and sweets (modaka) in His hands and who is effulgent like the rising sun [7] (red color).
Taruṇa Gaṇapati

"Youthful Ganapati"
atha taruṇagaṇapatidhyānaṁ || mudgalapurāṇe ||

pāshāṁkushāpūpakapitthajaṁbū |
svadaṁtaśālīkṣumapi svahastaiḥ |
dhatte sadāyastaruṇāruṇābhaḥ |
pāyātsa yuṣmāṁstaruṇogaṇeshaḥ || 2 || raktavarṇaḥ
"Carrying in His hands the noose, hook, rice-cake , guava fruit, rose apple, own (broken) tusk, bunch of corn ears (paddy) and sugarcane and who vividly shines forth with His brilliant youthfulness"[8] (Red Color).
(According to the Mudgala Purana version, kadubu - an edible specific to Lord Ganapati is mentioned instead of rice-cake).
Bhakti Gaṇapati

"Devotee (Devotion) Ganapati"
atha bhaktagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE |
nArikELAmrakadaLI |
guDapAyasadhAriNaM |
sharaccaMdrAbhavapuShaM |
bhajE bhaktagaNAdhipaM ||3|| shvEtavarNaH
Described as “ the Lord of His devotees and who shines like the autumn moon, with coconut, mango, plantain (banana), jaggery and sweets in his hands."[9] (White Colour)
Vīra Gaṇapati

"Valiant Ganapati"
atha vIragaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
bhEtALashaktisharakAr^mukacakraKaDga |
KaTvAMgamudgaragadAMkushanAgapAshAn |
shUlaM ca kuMtaparashuM dhvajamudvahaMtaM |
vIraM gaNEshamaruNaM satataM smarAmi ||4 || rakatavarNaH
"Armed with Bhetala, the weapon of power(shakti), arrow, bow, wheel(Chakra or discus), sword, club, hammer, mace, hook,nagapasha (serpent noose), spear, plough, and the shining axe."[10] (Red Colur).
(According to the Mudgala Purana version, flag is mentioned instead of plough).
Śakti Gaṇapati

The "Powerful" Ganapati
Shakti gaNapati.JPG
atha shaktigaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
AliMgya dEvIM haritAMgayaShTiM |
parasparAshliShTakaTipradEshaM |
saMdhyAruNaM pAshasRuNI vahaMtaM |
He is red in colour. He has four arms. His low right hand shows the movement of lack of fear (abhaya); the two others wear the elephant goad and the noose; the last hand, who holds a lemon, embraces the goddess. With the top of his trunk, Shakti Ganapati holds a cake.
Dvija Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Twice-Born"
Dvija gaNapati.JPG
atha dvijagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
yaM pustukAkShaguNadaMDakamaMDala shrIvidyOtamAnakarabhUShaNa miMduvarNaM |
staMbEramAnanacatuShTayashObhamAnaM |
tvAM yaH smarEddvijagaNAdhipatE sadhanyaH ||6|| shubhravarNaH
He has four heads and four arms. He is white in colour. His hands hold the rosary, the washing pot (kamandalu), the walking-stick of anascetic or the ritual spoon (sruk) and the manuscript on palm-leaves (pustaka).
Siddhi Gaṇapati

Ganapati bestowing success(Siddhi)
or "The Accomplished Ganapati"
Siddhi gaNapati.JPG
atha siddhagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
pakvacUtaPalapuShpamaMjarI |
mikShudaMDatilamOdakaisvaha |
udvahanvarashumastu tE namashrI samRuddhiyutahEmapiMgaLa ||7|| piMgaLavarNaH
Fond of the sesame cake. He has four arms. He is golden in colour. His hands hold the axe, the noose, the sugar-cane stem and the mango.
Ucçhishṭa Gaṇapati

"Ganapati devouring the remnants of the meal"
UcCiShTa gaNapati.JPG
atha uCiShTagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||

nIlAbjadADimIvINA |
shAlIguMjAkShasUtrakaM |
dadhaduCCiShTanAmAyaM |
gaNEshaH pAtu mEcakaH |
graMthAMtare |
nArIyOnirasAsvada |
lOlupaM kAmamOhitamiti ||8|| nIlavarNaH
He has six arms. He is blue in colour. His hands show the rosary, the pomegranate, the paddy ear (shalyagra), the nocturnal lotus, the lute (vîna); his sixth hand sometimes bears a guñja berry, embraces the goddess. The Ucchista Ganapati trunk is placed on the goddess's thigh.[citation needed]
Vighna Gaṇapati

Ganapati - "Lord of Obstacles"
Vigna Ganapati.JPG
atha viGnagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
shaMKEkShucApakusumEShukuThArapAsha |
cakrasvadaMtasRuNimaMjarikAshanAdaiH |
pANishritaiH parisamIhitabhUShaNashrI |
viGnEshvarO vijayatE tapanIyagaura H || 9 || svarNavarNaH
He has eight arms. He is golden in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the disc, the arrow-flowers, the hatchet, the conch, the sugar-cane stem, the noose, the elephant goad. With the tip of his trunk, he carries a bunch of flowers (pushapamañjari)
Kshipra Gaṇapati

"Ganapati who is easy to Appease"
or "Quick-acting Ganapati"
KShipra gaNapati.JPG
atha kShipragaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
daMtakalpalatApAsha |
ratnakuMbhAMkushOjvalaM |
baMdhUkakamanIyAbhaM |
dhyAyEtkShipragaNAdhipaM ||10|| raktavarNaH
He has four arms. He is red in colour. His hands show the single tusk, the elephant goad, the creeper of the votive tree (kalpalatâ), the noose. With the end of his trunk, he carries the stone cup full of precious stones (ratnakumbha).
Heramba Gaṇapati

"Mother's Beloved Son" Ganapati
HEraMba gaNapati.JPG
atha hEraMbagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
abhayavaradahastaM pAshadaMtAkShamAlAsRuNiparashudadhAnaM mudgaraM mOdakaM ca |
PalamadhigatasiMhaH paMcamAtaMgavaktrO |
gaNapatiratigauraH pAtu hEraMbanAmA || 11 || gauravarNaH
The five-headed Ganapati riding the lion. He has ten arms. He is dark in colour. His first hand shows the movement of lack of fear (abhaya), the others hold the rosary, the citron, the club, the elephant goad, the noose, the axe, the kadabu cake, the single tusk; his tenth hand shows the movement which bestows boons (varada).
Lakshmī Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Fortunate"
similar to GoddessLakshmi
Lakshmi gaNapati.JPG
atha lakShmIgaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
bibhrANashshukabIjapUrakamiLanmANikyakuMbhAMkushA |
npApAshaM kalpalatAM ca KaDgavilasajjyOtissudhAnirJaraH |
shyAmEnAttasarOruhENa sahitaM dEvI dvayaM cAMtike |
gaurAMgo varadAnahastasahito lakShmIgaNEshovatAt || 12 || gauravarNaH
Embracing his wives Siddhi (Achievement) and Buddhi (Wisdom). He is white (fair) in colour. He has eight arms. His hands hold a pomegranate, a sword, the creeper of the votive tree, the elephant goad, the parrot, the noose, the jewel pot; his eighth hand bestows boons (varada).
Mahā Gaṇapati

"The Great Ganapati"
MahA gaNapati.jpg
atha mahAgaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE||
hastIMdrAnanamiMducUDamaruNaCAyaM triNEtraM rasAdAshliShTaM priyayA sapadmakarayA svAMkastayA saMtataM|
bIjApUragadEkShukArmukalasaccakrAbjapAshOtphala |
vrIhyagrasvaviShANaratnakalashAnhastair^vahaMtaM bhajE ||13|| raktavarNaH
With a shakti, He has ten hands. He is red in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the pomegranate, the club, the sugar-cane bow, the disc, the conch, the noose, the nocturnal lotus, the paddy ear, the jewels pot.
Vijaya Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Victorious"
Vijaya gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha vijayagaNapatidhyAnaM ||mudgalapurANE ||
pAshAMkushasvadaMtAmraPalavAnAKuvAhanaH viGnaM nihaMtu nassarvaM |
raktavarNO vinAyakaH ||14 || raktavarNaH
Riding a rat which trots at a smart pace, He has four arms. He is red in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango.
Nṝitya Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Dancer"
NRutta gaNapti.jpg
atha nRuttagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
pAshAMkushApUpakuThAradaMta caMcatkarAkluptavarAMguLIyakaM |
pItaprabhaM kalpatarOradhastAM |
bhajAmi nRuttOpapadaM gaNEshaM || 15 || pItavarNaH
Dancing under the boon-tree, He has four arms. He is golden in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose, the axe (parashu) or the hatchet (kuthâra). The dhyâna sloka specifies that one of the four hands can show a cake apûpa.
Ūrdhva Gaṇapati

"The Elevated Ganapati"
Urdhva gaNapti.jpg
atha UrdhvagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
kalhArashAlikamalEkShukacApabANa |
daMtaprarOhagadabhRutkanakOjjvalAMgaH |
AliMganOdyatakarO haritAMgayaShTyA |
dEvyA karOtu shubhamUrdhvagaNAdhipomE ||16|| kanakavarNaH
Seated with his Shakti on his left thigh, He has eight arms. He is golden in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the arrow-flower, the daylight lotus, the blue lily (kalhara), the sugar-cane bow, the paddy ear, the club; his last hand claps the goddess. The extremity of his trunk is rolled around the right breast of the goddess.
Ekākshara Gaṇapati

Ganapati identified with "Single Syllable"(gaṃ).
EkAkShara gaNapti.jpg
atha EkAkSharagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
raktO raktAMgarAgAMshukakusumayutastuMdilashcaMdramauLe |
nesatraiyusaktastribhirvAmanakaracaraNo bIjapUraM dadhAnaH |
hastAgrakluptapAshAMkusharadavaradO nAgavaktrOhibhUShO |
dEvaH padmAsanasthO bhavatu suKakarO bhUtaye viGnarAjaH ||17|| raktavarNaH
He has four arms. He is red in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the cake modaka. Sometimes, he wears, with the extremity of his trunk (bîjapûra).
Vara Gaṇapati

The "Boon-giver" Ganapati
Vara gaNapti.jpg
atha varagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
siMdUrAbhamibhAnanaM triNayanaM hastE ca pAshAMkushau |
bibhrANaM madhumatka pAlamanishaM sAdhviMdumauLiM bhajE ||
puShTyAshliShTatanuM dhvajAgrakarayA padmOllasaddhastayA |
tadyOnyAhitapANimAttavasumatpAtrOllasatpuShkaraM ||18|| raktavaraNaH
With a shakti seated on his left thigh, He has four arms. He is red in colour. His first three hands hold the elephant goad, the skull filled with liquor (madhumatkapâla) and the noose. The fourth hand creeps between the thighs of the goddess who holds a lotus and a banner.
Tryakshara Gaṇapati

Lord "of the Three-lettersA+U+M" Ganapati
TryakSha gaNapati.JPG
atha tryakShagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
gajEMdravadanaM sAkShAccalatkarNaM sacAmaraM |
hEmavarNaM caturbAhuM |
pAshAMkushadharaM varaM |
svadaMtaM dakShiNE hastE |
savyE tvAmraPalaM tathA |
puShkarE mOdakaM caiva |
dhArayaMtaH manusmarEt ||19|| svarNavarNaH
He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango. He holds the cake modaka with the trunk end.
Kshirpra Prasāda Gaṇapati

Ganapati the "Quick-Rewarder"
KShipraprasAda gaNapati.JPG
atha kShipraprasAdagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
dhRutapAshAMkushakalpalatAsvaradashca bIjapUrayutaH |
shashishakalakalitamaulistrilOcanO ruNashca gajavadanaH |
bhUsurabhUShadIptO bRuhadudaraH padma viShvarollasitaH |
viGnapayOdharapavanaH karadhRutakamalassadAstu mE bhUtyai ||20|| aruNavarNaH
He has six arms. He is red in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the lotus, the creeper of the votive tree (kalpalatâ), the noose, the lemon.
Haridrā Gaṇapati

"The curcuma-colored Ganapati".
HaridrA gaNapati.JPG
atha haridrAgaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE||
haridrAbhaM caturbAhuM |
haridrAvadanaM prabhuM |
pAshAMkushadharaM dEvaM |
mOdakaM daMtamEva ca |
bhaktAbhayapradAtAraM |
vaMdE viGnavinAshanaM ||21|| haridrAvarNaH
He has four arms. He is yellow in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the cake modaka
Ekdanta Gaṇapati

"The Single Tusked Ganapati".
EkadaMta gaNapti.JPG
atha EkadaMtagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE|
laMbOdaraM shyAmatanuM gaNEshaM |
kuThAramakSha srajamUrdhva gAtraM |
salaDDukaM daMtamadhaH karAbhyAM |
vAmEtarAbhyAM ca dadhAnamIDE ||22|| shyAmavarNaH
He has four arms. He is blue in colour. His hands hold a large tusk, a rosary, a hatchet (kuthâra) and the small ball of sweets (laddu).
Sṝishṭi Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Creator",
SRuShTi gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha sRuShTigaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE||
phalavAnAKuvAhanaH |
viGnaMnihaMtu nashyONa|
ssRuShTi dakShOvinAyakaH ||23|| raktavarNaH
Riding a big rat, He is red in colour. He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the elephant goad, the noose and the mango.
Uddaṇḍa Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Unchained",
UddaMDa gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha uddaMDagaNapatidhyAnaM ||mudgalapurANE ||
kalhArAMbuja bIjapUraka gadAdaMtEkShucApaM sumaM |
bibhrANO maNikuMbhashAli kalashau pAshaM sRuNiM cAbjakaM |
gaurAMgyA rucirAraviMda karayA dEvyA samAliMgita |
shshoNAMgashshubhamAtanOtu bhajatA muddaMDaviGnEshvaraH ||24|| raktavarNaH
With his Shakti seated on his left thigh, He has twelve arms. He is red in colour. His hands hold the single tusk, the club, the nocturnal lotus, the noose, the paddy ear, the elephant goad, the washing pot (kamandalu), the sugar-cane bow, the disc, the daylight lotus, the conch and the pomegranate. His trunk is placed on the top of the goddesse's breast or, sometimes, maintains a jewels pot (manikumbha).
Ṝiṇamochana Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the liberator from depts"
RuNamOcana gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha RuNamOcanagaNapatidhyAnaM ||mudgalapurANE||
pAshAMkushau daMtajaMbU |
dadhAnaH sphaTikaprabhaH |
raktAMshukO gaNapati |
rmudE syAdRuNamOcakaH ||25|| shvEtavarNaH
Ganapati seated on a large lotus with his Shakti. He removes the impediment. He has four arms. He is white in colour. His first hand show the movement to bestow boons (varada) ; the three others hold the elephant goad, the noose and the bowl of sugared rice(pâyasapâtra).
Ḍhuṇḍhi Gaṇapati

"The Ganapati Sought After"
DhuMDi gaNapati.bmp.jpg
dhuMDigaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
akShamAlAM kuThAraM ca |
ratnapAtraM svadaMtakaM |
dhattE karairviGnarAjO |
dhuMDinAmA mudestu naH ||26|| aucityAdraktavarNaH
He has four arms. His hands hold the single tusk, the rosary (rudrAkSha), the hatchet (kuthâra) (an axe ) and the pot of jewels (ratnapâtra). (Red Color).
Dvimukha Gaṇapati

"Two-faced Ganapati"
DvimuKa gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha dvimuKagaNapatidhyAnaM | mudgalapurANE |
svadaMtapAshAMkusharatnapAtraM |
karairdadhAnO harinIlagAtraH |
ratnAMshukO ratnakirITamAlI |
bhUtyai sadA bhavatu mE dvimuKO gaNEshaH | hasuruvarNaH
He holds in his hands his own tusk, a noose, a hook and a pot full of gems. His body complexion is greenish blue and he is wearing a red colored robe. A gem studded crown embellishes his head.
Trimukha Gaṇapati

"Three-faced Ganapati"
TrimuKa gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha trimuKagaNapatidhyAnaM | mudgalapurANe |
shrUmattIkShNa shiKAMkushAkSha varadAndakShE dadhAnaH karaiH |
pAshaMcAmRuta pUrNakuMbhamabhayaM vAmE dadhAnO mudA |
pIThE svarNamayAraviMda vilasatsatkarNikA bhAsure |
svAsInastrimuKaH palAsharucirO nAgAnanaH pAtu naH | raktavarNa |
He has six arms. He carries in two of his right hands very sharp elephant goad, a rudrâksha rosary and is holding another hand in boon bestowing gesture (varada). He carries in two of his left hands a noose, an urn full of celestial nectar (amruta) - ambrosia pot (amritakumbha) and is holding the another hand in gesture of bestowing fearlessness (abhaya). He is seated on shining golden throne with lotus in the center. He has three eyes with elephantine face and he effulgent like the flame of forest flower (bastard teak/butea frondosa). (Red color).
Siṇha Gaṇapati

"The Lion Ganapati".
SiMha gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha siMhagaNapatidhyAnaM | mudgalapurANE |
vINAM kalpalatAmariM ca varadA dakShE vidhattE karai
vAsamE tAmarasaM ca ratnakalashaM sanmaMjarIM cAbhayaM |
shuMDAdaMDalasanmRugEMdravadanaM shaMKEMdugaurashshubhO |
dIvyadratnanibhAMshukOgaNapatiH pAyadapAyatsa naH ||29|| shvEtavar^NaH

He has eight arms. He is white in colour He is holding in his right hands a vîna (Indian lute), a creeper of votive tree - kalpavRukSha ( Tree which can cure all diseases), a discus and another held in a gesture of granting boons (varada). He is holding in his left hands a lotus, a pot of gems, a flower bunch and another held in a gesture of granting fearlessness (abahaya). He is lion faced with an elephant trunk and shining. His body is shining like a white conch and moon. He is wearing a gem studded shining robe.
Yoga Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Ascetic".
YOga gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha yOgagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANe ||
yOgArUDhO yOgapaTTAbhirAmO|
pAyAnnityaZM yOgaviGnEshvarOnaH ||30|| raktavarNaH
He has four arms. He is red in colour. His legs are surrounded with the meditation girdle (yogapatta). He is engrossed in yoga and is strapped in a yoga posture. He looks beautiful and shines like the rising morning sun. He is adorned with a colored robe which is shining like blue sapphire. His hands hold the rosary, the elbow-rest or the walking-stick (a yoga wand), the noose and the sugar-cane stalk.
Durga Gaṇapati

"Ganapati the Invincible"
similar the GoddessDurgâ.
DurgAgaNa gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha durgAgaNApatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||

taptakAMcanasaMkAsha |
shcaShTahastOmahattanuH |
dIptAMkushaMsharaMcAkShaM |
daMttaMdakShEvahankaraiH |
vAmEpAshaMkArmukaMca |
latAM jaMbUMdadhatkaraiH raktAMshukassadAbhUyA ddurgAgaNapatirmudE ||31|| kanakavarNaH
His body glows like burnished gold (Golden Color). He has eight hands and massive body. He is holding a shining hook (Ankush), an Arrow, a rosary and a tusk with the four hands on the right side. He is holding a noose, a bow, a wish bestowing creeper and Rose Apple (Eugenia Jambolana) with the four hands on the left side. He is dressed in red clothes.
(According to another version, the Arrow is replaced by a noose)
Saṇkaṭahara Gaṇapati

"Ganapati - Dispeller of Troubles".

SaMkaTahara gaNapati.bmp.jpg
atha saMkaTaharagaNapatidhyAnaM || mudgalapurANE ||
bAlArkAruNakAMtirvAmEbAlAMvahannaMkE |
lasadiMdIvarahastAM |
gaurAMgIM ratnashObhADhyAM |
dakShEMkushavaradAnaM |
vAmEpAshaMcapAyasaMpAtraM |
nIlAMshukalasamAnaH |
pIThE padmAruNE tiShThan |
saMkaTaharaNaH pAyAtsaMkaTapUgEdgajAnanO nityaM | raktavarNaH
He has four arms. He is effulgent like the rising red sun (Red in Color). He has his wife (shakti) - who is carrying a beautiful lotus, glowing with radiance and bejeweled - sitting on his left lap. He is carrying in one of his right hand a hook (Ankusha) and with the other bestowing boon(varada). He is carrying in one of his left hand a rope(noose) and with the other a vessel brimming with sweet soup (Payasam). He is seated on a Red Lotus and wearing a blue robe.
(According to another version, the varada gesture and vessel of Payasam is replaced by the broken tusk and the rose-apple fruit.)
Ramachandra Rao says that:
The first sixteen of the forms of Gaṇapati shown [in the Sritattvanidhi] are more popularly worshipped under the name shoḍaśa-gaṇapati. Among them, the thirteenth, viz. Mahāgaṇapati, is especially widely worshipped. There is a tāntrik sect which is devoted to this form. Śakti-gaṇapati, Ucchishṭa-gaṇapati and Lakshmī-gaṇapati are also tāntrik forms, which receive worship which is cultic and esoteric. Heraṃba-gaṇapati is popular in Nepāl.

Heramba Ganapati: -Black colored image of ten-armed Ganesha with five faces, seated on a lion. Five-faced, white in color, Heramba Ganapati, “Protector of the Weak,” rides a big lion. He extends the gestures of protection and blessing while holding a noose, japa beads, axe, hammer, tusk, garland, fruit and modaka.
Hymn to the Heramba Ganapati: Five-faced, white in color, Heramba Ganapati, “Protector of the Weak,” rides a big lion. He extends the gestures of protection and blessing while holding a noose, Japa beads, axe, hammer, tusk, garland, fruit and modaka.
Hymn to the Heramba Ganapati: May Heramba Ganapati protect us, who holds His hands in gestures of protection and granting of boons, and adorns in the other hands rope, tusk, rosary, hooks, axe, hammer, sweets and fruits riding a lion, having five elephant faces and of snow white color.

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